Akademia Muzyczna w Krakowie
In this course, advanced concepts of functional tonality such as secondary dominants, chromatically altered chords and modulation (diatonic, chromatic and enharmonic) are extensively discussed and practiced in different types of exercise. The latter include: harmonizing a given melody in four parts (chromatic or with a modulation, in writing or playing a vista), playing modulations from one key to another and sequences based on a given pattern, figured bass realization (Bach Cantatas and Passions), and harmonic analysis (works by Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, R. Strauss and Karłowicz). There are also two important composition assignments given to students. The first one is a short piece in the form of a theme and variation scored for piano (or solo instrument and piano) and maintained in a late-romantic or post-romantic style. The second assignment is a choral arrangement of a folk, religious or patriotic song.
Students must possess knowledge and skills in the field of functional harmony at the musical high school level, so they must be familiar with all basic concepts of major-minor tonaity, such as: primary triads, secondary triads, cadences, idiomatic chord progressions, and voice leading.
Student: (1) knows and understands extensive issues in the field of functional harmony and tonal-harmonic phenomena that are characteristic of 18th- and 19th-century as well as the beginning of 20th-century; (2) can create his/her own harmonic constructions maitained in the tonal style; (3) can recognize harmonic phenomena that are characteristic of different time periods from early classicism to late romanticism and is able to use it in the interpretation of music; (4) is prepared to teach harmony at different levels of musical education.

Further information

  • assessment
    Exam with grade E , Semester grade S
  • level
  • Completed Semester
    First and second semester
  • How many semesters does the course last?
    Two semesters
  • hours per week
    90 min (+ 45 min complementary course: Harmony - practice)
  • Link of the course
  • Target group of course
    Music theory students, beginner
    Other (students of Composition, Theory of Music and Conducting)
  • credits
    4 (Harmony) + 1 (Harmony - practice)
  • Type of Course
    Lecture, Practice
  • Degree Level
  • e-learning-elements
    An online platform created by my co-worker that enables lossless MIDI transmission and displays a keybord that lets the students see what the teacher is playing at the moment.
  • Course
  • students #
    3-6 student
  • Hours per year
    60 h
    J. Targosz, Podstawy harmonii funkcyjnej, PWM, Kraków 1993 M. Fieldorf, A. Frączkiewicz, Zasady modulacji, PWM, Kraków 1964 K. Sikorski, Harmonia, PWM, Kraków 1972 F. Wesołowski, Materiały do ćwiczeń harmonicznych, PWM, Kraków 1996 F. Wesołowski, Basso continuo – teoria i praktyka, Astra, Łódź 2006
  • evaluation grid
  • evaluation grid
    and document


Ilona Iwańska

current position

assistant professor


Akademia Muzyczna w Krakowie



Be a part of our european project !

This European project (KA 203 Strategic Partnership) created by Salvatore Gioveni promotes cross-border collaboration in the field of Music Theory through sharing knowledge and transferring pedagogical innovation. It thus responds to a lack of centralised source and framework to deepen reflection by means of cross-disciplinary study at European and international level.

There is a significant wealth of educational practices from one country to another in this sector, especially in terms of harmonic musical notation and analysis. However, HMEI's are facing the nonexistence of a European network for pedagogical staff in Music Theory so far. To improve the situation, the project will among other things develop several intellectual outputs such as Online Platform (IO 1), an EU Bibliography (IO 2), a Repository Courses (IO 3), a Multilingual Glossary (IO 4) and an Exchange Online Learning Platform.

Besides the Conservatoire royal de Bruxelles as leader and manager of the project, the following partner institutions are involved: Music Academy S. Moniuszki Gdańsk (Gdańsk, Poland), F. Liszt Academy of Music Budapest (Budapest, Hungary), Estonian Academy for Music and Theatre (Tallinn, Estonia), HfMTh "Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy" (Leipzig, Germany).

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